Sore throat means the inflammation of the pharynx (back of the throat). It occurs normally when a person has a cold or an attack of influenza. The main indication of a sore throat is pain when swallowing and sometimes a burning sensation and tightness in the throat. A sore throat usually occurs as a result of an infection that has its own additional symptoms. For example, if your sore throat is caused by a cold, you may also have coughing, fever, sneezing, body aches or a runny nose. Other causes include breathing through the mouth, sinus drainage, post antibiotic treatment, post chemotherapy, or other immune-compromising medications etc. A sore throat lasting for more than two weeks can be a sign of a serious illness.
Before visiting any doctor for sore throat treatment, you can try some easy home remedies. There are numerous options available to deal with this uncomfortable condition. Here are a few to get you started:
Cinnamon: Cinnamon is considered as an effective remedy for a sore throat resulting from a cold. Take some water and add one teaspoon of roughly powdered cinnamon. Boil the water, add a pinch of pepper powder, and two teaspoons of honey. Have this once or twice a day.
Fenugreek Seeds: Prepare a gargle made from fenugreek seeds. Take two tablespoons of fenugreek seeds in a litre of cold water and let it simmer for 30 minutes over a low flame. This should then be allowed to cool to a bearable temperature, strained, and then used totally as a gargle.
Henna: A decoction of the henna leaves can be used as a gargle for this reason.
Holy Basil: The leaves of holy basil have also been found effective in curing sore throat. Water boiled with basil leaves can be used as a drink, and also used as a gargle to relieve a sore throat.
Liquorice: Liquorice is a well-known home remedy for sore throat. Chew a small piece of raw liquorice or suck it for few minutes. The healing property of the herb soothes inflammation quickly.
Sage: Sage is also helpful for a sore throat. Half a litre of boiling water must be poured on a handful of sage leaves. When fairly cool, add a little vinegar and honey according to taste. This mixture can be used as a gargle.
Tea Decoction: A decoction made from tea leaves is very helpful in the sore throat treatment. This decoction, mixed with a little bit of salt, should be used as a gargle. It can be used two or three times daily for acquiring relief.
Tamarind: Tamarind water must be used as a gargle.
Baking soda and salt gargle: mix 1/2 a teaspoon each of baking soda and salt with 1/2 a cup of warm water and gargle a few times each day.
Mix 2 tablespoons of sesame (til) oil and one tbsp of honey. Take one spoon three times a day.
Garlic is also known to relieve a sore throat as it is a natural antiseptic. It can be eaten as well as consumed in tea.